Monthly Archives: July 2016

Simple Techniques of Night Photography

Night photography can be a bit challenging because of the less amount of light that is available to us; therefore, one often faces the problem of the picture containing a lot of noise. With some effective settings and the right equipment, one can get to do some amazing photography at night.

Here is a beginner’s guide to photography with techniques for shooting night subjects such as the moon, fireworks, traffic lines, and night landscapes.

How to Shoot the Moon

For this technique, you will need at least 300 mm zoom lens.
Secure the SLR on a tripod, on a wide base.
Use these manual settings on the SLR: ISO 100, aperture at f/9, exposure at -5 or less and vivid picture quality. Keep the sharpness at a max and the white balance on automatic.
Switch on the self-timer for 10 seconds.
Never shoot without a tripod as you might end up blurring the picture.
Zoom out the lens to its full capacity.
Start shooting using auto focus initially, and later experiment with manual focusing. You can also experiment with the setting at maximum focal length.
Take some shots and check how they have turned out.

How to Shoot Fireworks

Techniques for night photography of capturing fireworks is easier than you think, but it is important that you get a place from where you can frame your shot nicely. With different shutter speeds, one can always make the fireworks look sharp or achieve different blur effects.
Arrive early before the fireworks show, and select a place from where you can compose your shot properly.
Mount your camera on a tripod.
Set your camera for 4 – 5 seconds of exposure, and aperture at f/8.
Switch off the camera’s flash, and set the ISO on 50 or 100.
Zoom out and compose your frame.
Set the timer and start shooting.
Check how the shots look, and later experiment with different shutter speeds.

How to Shoot a Night Landscape

Some of the best subjects for night landscapes are city landscapes (it looks even better if the city landscape is reflected in a water body), a farmhouse, a stream or river, trees and cottages, etc.
The first thing is to compose your subject; for example, try to go for a low dynamic angle of a lit-up building with a road, or buildings reflected in the water.
Mount your camera on the tripod well and switch off the flash.
Use manual settings of ISO at around 100, exposure of 4 seconds and aperture at f/9 .
Set the self-timer or use the remote control.
Start shooting. One can always take multiple shots if the camera is digital.
Take a look at your cityscape pictures and experiment with different shutter speeds and composition. You can also try out the cityscapes in black and white photography setting.

How to Shoot Traffic Lines

This is one of the long exposure techniques. Climb up a bridge to get a top angle of a road or highway.
Fix your camera on the tripod, and compose your shot well.
Switch off the flash, and manually set the camera aperture at f/9, exposure at around 20 seconds, and ISO 100.
Keep the white balance on auto and with a self-timer or remote, start shooting the subject.
Check your images for the results, and experiment with different exposure times.

How to Shoot a Night HDR

This is similar to day HDR (High Dynamic Range) technique, but capturing HDR is very interesting, as the final result gives a picture a very dramatic-surreal look. Some subjects for clicking night HDR are landscapes. Make sure you have the sky in your frame or a landscape with river, water bodies, etc.
You absolutely need a tripod for capturing a day or night HDR.
After setting the camera, select AEB (Auto Exposure Bracketing) setting of -2, 0 and 2.
Compose the scene, and start shooting.
If you don’t have the AEB setting, then mount the camera on a tripod. Very carefully without moving the camera or tripod click, three pictures on exposure setting of -2, 0 and 2.
Open these pictures with a software like Photoshop CS-2 or CS-3, or a HDR rendering software and merge the three pictures together.
Experiment with the different brightness, contrasts, hue and saturation settings, to make the sky look purple or orange.

Tips for Nocturnal Photography

Here are some tips to make your shots using the above techniques for photography at night look better.
A tripod is essential, so always use one for night photography. If you don’t have one, then invest in a decent one if you want to take some good night pictures.
Keep the ISO at around 100 to reduce the noise.
Try to shoot on a full moon night, so that there will be more light.
Check the weather forecast, so that you don’t get caught in a rainy situation with your expensive photography equipment.
Do not be sad, if you don’t own a SLR. Try to experiment with the different exposure triangle settings in your camera, of ISO, shutter speed and aperture, and take pictures with the above digital photography techniques.
When you think you need a better camera for digital photography, borrow from your friends and use different models and then buy a good DSLR for yourself. The rates have recently dropped, and one can always buy a DSLR on EMI, if that is a practical and viable option.

These were some of the interesting photography tips and techniques of low light or night photography. To learn some more such techniques, visit popular photo sharing sites and look for the pictures you like and would like to shoot. After selecting the picture, click on more properties of the picture and you will get all the settings on which the person has captured the picture. Some more interesting subjects for nocturnal photography are city skylines, a street with or without cars, abandoned old buildings, nightlife or concerts, amusement rides, silhouettes of birds or trees, etc. So good luck and keep shooting!

Some Common Problems With Your Digital Camera

We’re all bitten by the photography bug, specially when we have digital cameras, where there is ample room for mistakes and improvement at almost no cost at all, till we achieve the perfect picture. But what hinders this process is the different problems we face in our endeavor to master the techniques of digital photography. Often it is just a setting that might be causing the problem, or other minor technical difficulties. To deal with this, enlisted here are some common problems that you may face while using digital cameras, and how to deal with these problems.

Problems with the Autofocus Setting

  • This setting primarily works by marking a difference between edges of objects that are visible through the lens. When the difference is clearly marked by a sharp change, the camera sets on the autofocus mode.
  • This setting is affected when there are too many objects that are to be captured in an image.
  • It is also affected when the edges of objects cannot be clearly differentiated. This means the target of focus is going to keep changing, till it can find a clear target.
  • To deal with this problem, deactivate the autofocus setting and switch to manual focusing. You may also switch the setting to continuous autofocus to be able to capture long range images without being disturbed by other objects in the scene.

Blurred Images

  • Clicking a picture with a digital camera while in motion is likely to produce a blurred image. To take care of this problem increase the shutter speed while keeping the flash on. Otherwise it will lead to an underexposed picture.
  • Sometimes, it is the camera resolution that causes a problem and leads to blurry images. In such a case, the image may appear perfect on the camera, but only when you see it on a computer screen will it appear blurred.
  • Ensure that your camera is set to the highest resolution while clicking pictures.
    In many cases, it is a dirty camera lens that causes this problem. Use a pre-packaged kit available in several
  • camera stores to take care of this problem.
  • The digital or optical zoom tends to pixelate images, thereby causing them to appear blurred.
  • Unknowingly setting the camera on the macro mode, is another reason for blurred images. When this setting is activated, a flower like symbol appears on the camera screen. This setting works only for clear images within distances between one and three feet, leaving all other surroundings blurred. Deactivate this setting for clear pictures.

Highly Exposed Images

  • This happens when you use the flash, without which images appear blurry.
  • To deal with this, use the ‘exposure compensation’ setting on your camera. This setting compensates for excess or lack of light. Reduce the exposure value by .5 or 1 unit, and check for the clarity of the image. Set the amount as per your requirement.
  • A problem with the white balance setting may be a cause for this problem. For this purpose, set the white balance to flash.

Slow Shutter Speed

  • You may have noticed many a time that it takes almost 2 to 3 seconds for a picture to be clicked after you press the shutter button. This means, due to poor shutter speed you miss the action and capture only its remnants.
    To deal with this problem, press the shutter button half way down, a couple of seconds before you want to capture a particular image. This will help the camera focus and fixate on its target. Then press the button all the way down to capture the image.

Errors Due to Memory Card

  • Make it a habit to empty the memory card every time you click a set of images. Upload the images on your PC before you use it again.
  • What many of you may not know is that formatting memory cards before you use them in your digital cameras to store images is extremely important. Format it in the camera, and not on your PC. This will take care of almost all the problems you face with storing and loading images. However, remember that formatting the memory card will delete all stored images. So back up the images on your PC before you format the memory card.
  • If you use an SD card, you may accidentally lock it because of the tab placed next to its slot. So if you face a problem that says an image cannot be clicked, check to ensure the tab is unlocked.

Battery Problems

  • The only way to combat a short battery life is to ensure you are using only the prescribed type of battery, as per your camera’s user manual.
  • Use rechargeable batteries as they have a longer life than regular AA batteries.
  • A battery that is already present in a digital camera has a life only between one to two years. After this time period it is likely to create problems, and ought to be replaced.
  • To save the battery life, try to get an AC adapter for your camera, which you can connect while uploading images to the PC.

If you are facing some serious technical difficulties with your digital cameras, it is better to consult a professional and have it repaired in the right manner. This is simply to prevent the disastrous consequences that you may experience if you try to solve these problems yourself.

Tips to Clean a Camera Lens

clean-a-camera-lensMany of us are passionate about photography, but maintaining our cameras is something we tend to overlook. Over a period of time, you may have noticed that the pictures are not as crisp and clear as they used to be. This may be because of dirt, dust, and fungus that may have collected on the lens. The good news is that you can clean it yourself easily, and improve the quality of your picture.

Cleaning Tips

It is essential to be delicate with your camera while cleaning it, as any errors in handling it can cause permanently damage.

  • Dust collected in the lens can cause scratches. Using a soft brush, gently clear all dust particles.
  • It is important to use a soft material dipped in a lens cleaning solution. The best option to do so is a microfiber cloth, with the next best option being a cotton swab. Follow it up by cleaning it with a dry cloth or cotton swab, in a circular motion, to prevent any marks from being left behind.
  • Allow the lens to dry before placing the cover or rearranging the filter.
  • Avoid the use of heavy pressure that can easily damage the lens. To clean the filter, dismantle it and follow the same procedure mentioned above. You will notice the change in the quality of your photographs.

How to Clean Fungus

Camera lenses can also be infested with various types of fungi. However, it is a myth that, once infested, the lens is beyond repair. Lots of people also assume, that by attempting to repair a camera infested by fungus, they run the risk of transferring the infestation to other objects around. However, infestation of fungi is preventable and curable.

  • There are also waterproof digital cameras that may never face this problem. It is only in some cases, where the fungi is etched on to the coating of the lens, that it is not economically viable to repair the camera or the lens.
  • The first step involved in eliminating the fungus is to dismantle the setup of the lens. This is important in order to assess the damage caused by the fungus. Sometimes the fungus is cemented in between the lens. In such cases, attempting to repair it on your own is not a wise option.
  • Most fungi cause little damage and can be cured by using vinegar that has antifungal properties.
  • Another solution to clear the fungus is to soak the lens for at least an hour in a concoction made of 94% distilled water, 4% clear ammonia, and 2% hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide is also rich in antifungal properties and clears any fungal spores.
  • In case, you have noticed a mild attack of fungus on the lens, firing it continuously with an electronic flash gun will clear the fungus temporarily. It will also help eliminate the infestation that may have spread to other inaccessible parts of the camera.
  • A chemical called thymol is present in herbs such as thyme and oregano. Placing a sachet of these in the kit may prove helpful in eliminating the fungus.
  • Do remember that after performing any kind of cleaning operation, it is imperative that you thoroughly dry the apparatus, or prepare yourself to welcome another fungal attack.
  • Prevent the occurrence of a fungal infestation, by keeping the camera in dry and well-lit places. Fungi love humidity and darkness, and those are exactly the conditions that need to be avoided.
  • Using silica gel sachets is an effective way to prevent the growth of fungus. Also, avoid carrying food and water in the same kit as your camera. A fungal infestation is most likely to take place in the presence of moisture.

All in all, the best way to maintain the sharpness of your camera is to simply prevent it from getting dirty. This way you can preserve it for longer and you will be able to click desirable pictures. Nonetheless, even if your camera does get dirty, the above-mentioned tips are sure to help you clean it up and make it as good as new; so click away!

Choosing the Best Wedding Photography

Finding the best photographer can be a tricky thing when you are not sure about the right photographer.  On the other hand, it is necessary to find the best photographer on your budget. Also, the choosing the perfect photographer is necessary for you would never want to compromise with the pictures of the special moments of your wedding day.

This post will help you get hold of the perfect photographer that you want to hire for your wedding ceremony. There is lots of photographer in the contemporary times and everybody claims to be the best regarding their services. However, it is best to do some research before hiring the best wedding photography inThornhill.

  • Research on the internet to find some great suggestions as well as photography services. A little exploration in the online world will help you with lots of information regarding various photographers in your area. Look into their sites and check their portfolio to understand their quality of work when it comes to wedding photography.
  • Ask for a recommendation from various people who are close to you. The other best way to find good wedding photographers is by asking references from friends, office colleagues, as well as from family relatives. Since, everybody has once or more gone through the experience of hiring wedding photography services then they will be able to help you out in this case. Furthermore, they will obviously give you the best advice to find the best wedding photography service in your area.
  • Start making a list of the good photographers that you find by yourself. When you are looking for wedding photography services then make sure to check their Google review that appears when you type the name of the organization in the search engine. Also, do not forget to check the review sites because it will contain all the real reviews from their past clients. Review sites are the best place to know the quality of services of the organization that you are thinking to hire for your need.
  • Now that you have found many wedding photography services then it is time to create a list of the best wedding photography services and jot down on a piece of paper. The best thing to do would be calling them and asking their experience in this field. Also, it is important to ask them regarding any particular theme that you would like to have in your wedding album and if they have worked on something like this before.
  • It is also better to take interviews of the wedding photography services by visiting their physical location. Since, you are going to spend a considerable amount of money then it is necessary to check their physical existence of their photography service center. Visit them and ask all the questions that you think are necessary to ask them for testing their ability. In that case, you can also gather some knowledge from the internet regarding wedding photography and then visit their business place to counter their answers with another question.